I go night fishing for bass at least 3-6 times each summer. Full moon/new moon is the best and my favorite conditions are full moon with overcast skies. The moon will light up the clouds and give a very good muted lighting situation that makes negotiating casting and such much easier.
I prefer topwaters over other lures and the noisier the better. Musky-Jitterbugs and large prop baits fished with a slow cadence seems to draw good strikes. Maybe it just makes it easier to detect strikes in the dark with that slow, steady retrieve since you sometimes fish by sound rather than by sight. Personal preference I guess. Don't overlook smaller baits too like Tiny Torpedoes or even Rapala minnows. I also like to fish a large black spinnerbait with either a very large Colorado blade or tandem willow blades. Lots of thump. Fish this slowly, slow roll it along the structure and be prepared for jolting strikes. Vibrating or rattling crankbaits can be good too.
I try to concentrate my fishing in shallower areas in night fishing situations than I would during the daytime in summer months. Big fish will move shallow to feed at night in places that they would not go during the day for fear of being seen by predators. Shallow bays and flats, saddle areas between islands and other shore structure, anywhere there would be small bluegill, sunfish, or perch. Big bass tend to be solitary creatures but the midsized fish(2-4 lbs) will hunt in packs and move into an area that has a lot of prey and flush them out. Noisy topwaters really key in on those active fish in those situations.
The toughest part of night fishing (besides being sleepy on the lake) is avoiding the lights among the houses along the lake shores. Wear a good ball cap and shade your eyes from the lights because they will ruin your night vision. Keep a small flashlight in the boat (or better yet, a clip on light on the brim of your hat) and only use it when you absolutely need to. It takes a couple of minutes for your eyes to adjust back to the dark each time you use a flashlight so keep it to the absolute minimum. Undeveloped shorelines may provide better light(less) conditions, but I find I have better luck around docks and other structures that hold tight lipped fish during the day that are more open to feeding at night. Some folks use fluorescent line and black lights in the boat- it makes the line light up like a light-saber. I don't like it since the black light will mess up your eyes and you cannot see where you are casting. You can see your line really well but you cant see anything else.
You had better be pretty familiar with the waters you are fishing at night because you can get into trouble pretty easy. Unless you absolutely know what and where you are doing, don't run the gas motor but rather, move around slowly with the electric and keep yourself from having to replace your lower unit. Try to stay low in the boat so you don't lose your balance and fall out. You cant see what you are doing and if you were to fall out, you just might hit your head on the way down and then you are in real trouble. There is no one to see you fall out of the boat so no one will be there to help you if you do. WEAR YOUR LIFE JACKET!
Also be careful when you catch a good fish. Bass can thrash around a lot and its pretty easy to have a treble lodge itself in your hand when you are trying to unhook a good one. Take your time, tire the fish out, use a good net to land it and be very careful when removing the hooks and you will have a good time instead of a scary time. I once had a 5# hawg shake when I lipped it and it jammed a large treble into my hand. Fortunately for me (not for the fish) it came off the hook and just flopped around in the boat for a few seconds instead of thrashed around on impaled hand. I had to use pliers and rip the hook out by myself since I was fishing alone. Since then, I am really careful in handling those fish in the dark.
Another issue is being careful around docks, other boats, and other private property. Homeowners are not fond of people messing around their docks at night. It is easy to misjudge distances at night and land on a dock or boat and get hung up. I have been told off more than once by a concerned homeowner.
Lastly, just like going out in the wilderness, its a good idea to let someone know where you are going and when you plan to return in case something happens to you when you are on the water. Better safe than sorry.
The cast that catches the fish is never too short. Patrick McManus